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Match each combining form in Column A with a meaning in Column C by inserting the appropriate number in Column B

1. Match each combining form in Column A with a meaning in Column C by inserting the appropriate number in Column B

Column A                           Column B                              Column C

(a) cervic/o                                                                     1. woman

 

(b) colp/o                                                                      2. breast (i)

 

(c) culd/o                                                                     3. breast (ii)

 

(d) gravid                                                                    4. menstruation/ monthly

 

(e) gynaec/o (Am. gynec/o)                                       5. birth

 

(f) hyster/o                                                                  6. vulva (external genitalia)

 

(g)lact/o                                                                       7.placenta

 

(h) mamm/o                                                                   8.perganant heavy /pregnant woman

 

(i)mast/o                                                                               9. Pertineum / area between anus and vulva

 

(j)men/o                                                                                   10. Pertaining to midwifery and childbirth

 

(k) metr/o                                                                               11. To bear /bring forth baby

 

(l) nat/o                                                                                   12. Uterus (i)

 

(m)obstetric                                                                           13. Uterus (ii)

 

(n)oo                                                                                        14.uterus (iii)

 

(o)oophor/o                                                                           15. Neck (of womb)

 

(p)ovari/o                                                                               16. Douglas pouch /….

Match each word component in Column A with a meaning in Column C by inserting the appropriate number in Column B.

1. Match each word component in Column A with a meaning in Column C by inserting the appropriate number in Column B.

Column A                           Column B                              Column C

(a) aden/o                                                                   1. pertaining to

(b) ana-                                                                        2. change position or form

(c) cancer/o                                                              3. pertaining to formation/ originating in

(d) carcinoma                                                            4. membranes of CNS

(e) chondr/o                                                           5. striated muscle

(f) –genie                                                                 6. condition of growth (increase of cells)

(g) -ic                                                                          7. pertaining to stopping/ controlling

(h) –ist                                                                     8. pertaining to affinity for/ acting on

(i) leiomy/o                                                                9. Gland

(j) melan/o                                                               10. cancer (general term)

(k) meningi/o                                                           11. cancer/tumour (medical term)

(1) meta-                                                                    12. cartilage

(m) neo-                                                                        13. tumour/swelling (benign or malignant)

(n) -oma                                                                           14. malignant tumour of epithelium

(o) onc/o                                                                           15. malignant tumour of supporting tissue

(p) -plasia….

Match each combining form in Column A with a meaning in Column C by inserting the appropriate number in Column B.

Match each combining form in Column A with a meaning in Column C by inserting the appropriate number in Column B.

Column A                           Column B                              Column C

(a) abdomin/o                                                                 1. head

(b) axill/o                                                                         2. leg

(c) brachi/o                                                                     3. great toe

(d) carp/o                                                                        4. ankle/tarsus

(e) cephal/o                                                                    5. palm (i)

(f) crani/o                                                                       6. palm (ii)

(g) crur/o                                                                       7. knee

(h) digit/o                                                                     8. finger/toe(i)

(i) femor/o                                                                   9. finger /toe (ii)

(j) hallux                                                                        10. pelvis

(k) ili/o                                                                          11. thumb

(1) palm/o                                                                   12. thigh /femur

(m) patell/o                                                                   13. abdomen

(n) ped/o                                                                    14. skull /cranium

(o) pelv/I                                                                   15. thorax

(p) phalang/o                                                              16. foot

(q) pollex                                                                      17. arm

(r) tars/o                                                                   18. armpit

(s) thorac/o                                                            19. ilium/flank

(t) vol/o                                                                 20. Wrist

Match each prefix or suffix in Column A with a meaning in Column C by inserting the appropriate number in Column B.

1. Write the meaning of:

(a) interphalangeal

(b) dextroversion

(c) retrobuccal

(d) supracostal

(e) intranasal

Q90

1. Match each prefix or suffix in Column A with a meaning in Column C by inserting the appropriate number in Column B.

Column A                           Column B                              Column C

(a) an-                                                                                1. quick

(b) anti-                                                                              2. knowledge/ process of judgment

(c) -ase                                                                                  3. chemical derived from ammonia

(d) –gen                                                                                    4. abnormal condition/ disease

(e) –gnosy                                                                                  5. condition of rhythm

(f) –ose                                                                                       6. process /condition

(g) –ine                                                                                          7. study of

(h) –in                                                                                          8. drug that breaks down… / pertaining to breakdown

(i) –ic                                                                                            9. without

(j) –ite                                                                                          10. end-product

(k) –ive                                                                                          11. excessive discharge/flow

(1) –logy                                                                                        12. enzyme

(m)-legist                                                                                       13. agains

(n) -lytict                                                                                        14. non-specific suffix indicating a chemical

(o) –osis                                                                                          15. type….

Match each drug action from Column A with a drug classification from Column C by inserting the appropriate number in Column B

1. Build words that mean:

(a) specialist who studies bacteria

(b) drug that acts against living things

(c) the study of protozoa

(d) agent that stops the growth of bacteria

(e) pertaining to killing viruses

Q94

1. Match each drug action from Column A with a drug classification from Column C by inserting the appropriate number in Column B

Column A                           Column B                              Column C

(a)acts against worms                                                                                                       1. Immunosuppressant

(b)acts to reduce pain                                                                                                          2. cytotoxic

(c)reduces sensation                                                                                                            3. miotic

(d) acts to reduce coughing                                                                                             4. antipsychotic

(e) neutralises stomach acid                                                                                             5. anxiolytic

(f)acts to break up mucus                                                                                                 6. antipruritic

(g) acts to promote the excretion of urine                                                                   7. Anthelmintic

(h) acts to dilate bronchi                                                                                                    8. antihistamine

(i) used to treat schizophrenia                                                                                          9. antitussive

(j) used to induce….

Name and perform the calculation to determine the integrity of the patient’s blood–brain barrier.

1. A 35-year-old woman is admitted to the hospital with symptoms of intermittent blurred vision, weakness, and loss of sensation in her legs. A lumbar puncture is performed with the following results:

Appearance: Colorless, clear

WBC count: 35 cells/µ L (90% lymphocytes)

Glucose: 60 mg/dL (plasma: 100 mg/dL)

Protein: 60 mg/dL (serum: 8 g/dL)

Albumin: 40 mg/dL (serum: 6 g/dL)

IgG globulin: 20 mg/dL (serum: 2 g/dL)

a. Name and perform the calculation to determine the integrity of the patient’s blood–brain barrier.

b. Does the patient have an intact barrier?

c. Name and perform the calculation used to determine if IgG is being synthesized within the CNS.

d. What does this result indicate?

e. Considering the patient’s clinical symptoms and the calculation results, what diagnosis is suggested?

f…..

Would a CSF lactate test be of any value for the diagnosis? Why or why not?

1. Mary Howard, age 5, is admitted to the pediatrics ward with a temperature of 105%F, lethargy, and cervical rigidity. A lumbar spinal tap is performed, and three tubes of cloudy CSF are delivered to the laboratory. Preliminary test results are as follows:

Appearance: Cloudy

WBC count: 800 cells/µ L

Differential: 80%

lymphocytes, 15%

monocytes, 5%

neutrophils Protein: 65 mg/dL

Glucose: 70 mg/dL

Gram stain: No organisms seen

a. From these results, what preliminary diagnosis could the physician consider?

b. Is the Gram stain result of particular significance? Why or why not?

c. Are the lymphocytes significant? Why or why not?

d. Would a CSF lactate test be of any value for the diagnosis? Why or why not?

Explain the different interpretations offered by these two tests.

1. A semen analysis on a vasovasostomy patient has a normal sperm concentration; however, motility is decreased, and clumping is observed on the wet preparation.

a. Explain the possible connection between these observations and the patient’s recent surgery.

b. What tests could be performed to further evaluate the patient’s infertility?

c. Briefly explain the different interpretations offered by these two tests.

d. State three ways in which a positive result on these tests could be affecting male fertility.

2. A yellow-colored semen specimen is received in the laboratory. The analysis is normal except for decreased sperm motility. Explain the possible connection between the two abnormal findings

3. Abnormal results of a semen analysis are volume = 1.0 mL and sperm concentration = 1 million/mL. State a nonpathologic cause….

Describe the tubes into which the fluid would be routinely placed.

1. A 50-year-old man presents in the emergency department with severe pain and swelling in the right knee. Arthrocentesis is performed and 20 mL of milky synovial fluid is collected. The physician orders a Gram stain, culture, and crystal examination of the fluid, as well as a serum uric acid. She requests that the synovial fluid be saved for possible additional tests.

a. Describe the tubes into which the fluid would be routinely placed.

b. If the patient’s serum uric acid level is elevated, what type of crystals and disorder are probable?

c. Describe the appearance of these crystals under direct and compensated polarized light. d. Why were the Gram stain and culture ordered?

What is the most probable cause of the effusion?

1. A cloudy pleural fluid has a glucose level of 30 mg/dL (serum glucose level is 100 mg/dL) and a pH of 6.8.

a. What condition do these results indicate?

b. What additional treatment might the patient receive, based on these results?

2. The following results were obtained on a peritoneal fluid: serum albumin, 2.8 g/dL; fluid albumin, 1.2 g/dL.

a. Calculate the SAAG.

b. Is this a transudate or an exudate? Why?

c. What is the most probable cause of the effusion?