Creating racial or ethnic characters who have undesirable attributes, ranging from laziness and unwillingness to work to a lack of education or intelligence and lower class attitudes and behavior. Italian American media-watch groups such as the National Italian American Foundation have argued that shows such as The Sopranos (a fictionalized TV entertainment show now in syndication) reinforce negative stereotypes by portraying Italian Americans as criminals or bigots. Similarly, members of the white working class have been stereotyped as “trailer park trash” or as lacking the refinement of the middle and upper classes. Overall, however, far more stereotyping has occurred regarding Latinos/Latinas and African Americans.
We often hear people being criticized for driving “gasguzzling” vehicles or eating at fast-food restaurants that dispense millions of sacks, wrappers, cups, and other disposable products, some of which eventually litter the nation’s roadways and dump sites. Do you think that our individual choices—such as the vehicle we own or where we eat our food—really affect the quality of our environment? Or are environmental problems beyond our control because they are caused by natural causes or decisions of large corporations and governmental agencies over which we have no control?
Women overwhelmed by their work or seemingly having few job responsibilities even when they are employed full time. The imbalance between the portrayal of female characters as either having so much work to do that they cannot complete it all or the depiction of them as having an important occupation but spending little time actually doing the work tends to convey the message that women are less than adequate in many careers and occupations. Examples include Grey’s Anatomy where female surgical interns are more often shown in romantic liaisons than in hospital work, and attorney and police shows where female characters primarily focus on interpersonal relationships, especially with men, rather than getting their job done.
In July 2011, the media reported that Anders Behring Breivik, a thirty-two-year-old man accused of the bombing of a government office complex and the killing of scores of young people at a summer camp in Norway, was deeply influenced by a small group of American bloggers who have warned people about the threat from Islam. Breivik reportedly included numerous quotations from these blogs in the 1,500-page manifesto that was made public after his arrest. As is true of all acts of violence and terrorism, many disturbing issues emerged in the aftermath of one of the worst rampages in the history of Oslo, Norway. One fact in the Oslo case is the role that online forums and blogs may have played in reinforcing Breivik’s anti-Muslim thoughts. Throughout his planning….
Cyberwarfare and information terrorism—aggressive assaults on a government’s computers and IT infrastructure that lead to the copying or destruction of records and/or computer systems. Terrorist-sponsored computer hackers could bring down entire educational, economic, and governmental information networks if information terrorists are able to bypass built-in safeguards. By widening laws governing armed conflict to include cyberwarfare and allowing the United States to respond with force to any such threats to national security, Pentagon officials believe that this will send a message to hackers that they will be prosecuted and punished if they attack this country’s nuclear reactors, pipelines, or public networks such as mass transport systems (Pilkington, 2011). As of this writing, many people believe that the United States is particularly vulnerable to statesponsored cyberattacks, particularly from China and….
Q1: How do the versions of federalism differ among the federal systems ?
QUESTION 2: What are the various legal strategies employed by the countries with respect to dealing with terrorism?
QUESTION 3: How do the various countries surveyed in this chapter approach the issue of community policing?
QUESTION 4: What are the different models of national identity, and why have some European countries subscribed to one or another of them?
QUESTION 5 :Identify and discuss three major factors that contributed to the inability to stop the 9/11 terrorist attacks and which led to a rethinking of of homeland security policies in the United States.
QUESTION 6 :Discuss the overall methodology and expertise required for tracking and predicting extremist behavior on social….
If you believe in God, try to explain to an atheist friend (real or imagined) why you believe in God.
• If you think there are good reasons for believing, state them.
• If you think there are good arguments for, or a proof of, God’s existence, state the arguments or the proof and defend it against your atheist friend’s objections.
• If you think that the only way to believe in God is through faith, answer your atheist friend’s objections that you are being irrational, that you are simply indulging in “wishful thinking,” and that you are escaping from your responsibilities to change the world and, instead, are accepting a fantasy in which God will take full responsibility
Choose one of the elements defended by the pre-Socratic philosophers (water, fire, numbers, and so on) and argue for it as well as you can, preferably with a friend or a few friends who will try to prove you wrong. For example, if you choose fire, an immediate objection would be that fire could not possibly be the essential element in cold objects—a block of ice, for example. A reply might be that cold objects simply contain much less fire than hot things. You might also argue that not all fire manifests itself as flame, and soon, no doubt, you will find yourself moving into more modern-day talk about energy instead of fire as such. The point of the exercise is (1) to see how very much alive….
Categories in philosophy often seem too rigid or too simpleminded to classify the complexity of our views, but perhaps the following checklist will help you understand your own position in relation to the history of philosophy:
a. Are you a materialist? An immaterialist? Do you believe that ultimate reality can be discovered by science? Do you believe that ultimate reality is a matter of religious belief? b. What are the basic entities in your ontology? What is most real? c. Are you a monist? A pluralist? If you are a pluralist, what is the connection between the different entities in your ontology? Rank them in order of their relative reality, or explain their relationship. d. Are the basic entities in your ontology eternal? If not, how did they….
Describe the Form of some ordinary objects around you, in accordance with Plato’s theory. How do you know whether an object is defined by one Form or another? What can you say about the Form of an ordinary object, in the fashion of Plato’s discussion of the Form of triangle? If an object changes, does it change Forms as well? Can an object have conflicting Forms? Can we understand our recognition of objects without some conception of Forms to explain how it is that we recognize them?