What is Evidence-Based Research and Practice in Nursing?
Evidence-based research and practice in the nursing profession is an approach that encourages nurses to adopt specific disciplines for their practice. It involves using evidence collected from research to whatever the client prefers as the best method to approach their condition. The nurse must also integrate the two with their clinical experiences and expertise to ensure their client gets the best care. Evidence-based practices help the Registered Nurses in Australia adopt the right strategies when dealing with individual patients, given each might respond differently to a unique approach. That assists them in offering exceptional care because they understand what works best for each client.
What is the Importance of Evidence-Based Practice in the Nursing Profession?
Evidence-based practice allows for knowledge gained from research to be integrated into practice. That ensures the treatment is made aware to the patient reducing the chances of them receiving any knowledge that may prove ineffective and even cause them harm. The first principle of the nursing profession is to ease a client’s pain and suffering. Evidence-based practice has created a way for the client and their doctor to work together to achieve the goal. The nurse and patient will use evidence-based practice and their expertise to make informed decisions on the best way forward.
Because nursing is constantly changing, considering the role of technology, evidence-based practice also helps to keep them informed. The nurse can use evidence from new research to remain in touch with the latest methods of approaching treatment and not be left behind. It also assists them in understanding the efficiency of a treatment procedure and any risk their clients will be subjected to should they choose the method. That is vital because when one anticipates an issue, one can make arrangements to mitigate the risk factors. The patient is also kept informed, allowing them to make their opinion known regarding the treatment procedure and whether they would like to proceed.
Implementation of Evidence-Based Practice in the Nursing Profession
As it is essential for the nurse to determine the best course of approaching treatment, its implementation into the nursing discipline will require the health professional to be aware of implementing the approach. It involves steps such as;
• Come up with a clinical question to identify the area one desires to improve- It involves identifying an area of interest to the individual and the current approach widely used and accepted to be the best in practice. The person should then select an intervention method they feel is appropriate and capable of influencing their practice.
• Data collection. – It involves collecting the best evidence from the field by collaborating with the best research experts available to stop the factors mentioned above from influencing their study
• Analyzing the evidence collected highlights the need to work with the leading experts because it is essential to incorporate evidence-based nursing practice. An adequately informed analysis will assist in transitioning the evidence collected into clinical research practice smoothly.
• Incorporate the evidence into Daily practice- It involves identifying the challenges of applying the evidence and what the nurse can use to ensure they apply the evidence collected correctly. Anything that might inhibit application speed must be highlighted at the incorporation stage, with an example of barriers being the method’s feasibility or existing team culture. Like the barriers, the nurse needs to know what will improve the transition to adopting evidence-based practice in the field. Good examples include a positive staff attitude and how well-aligned the results are with the requisite accreditation standards.
• Assessment- It involves looking at the outcome of the approach and planning based on early indications. If the result is positive, the nurse needs to ensure the method is sustainable in their field for successful implementation. If negative, they need to begin analysing where there needs to e an improvement to guarantee success.
Factors Affecting Decision Making in The Adoption of Evidence-Based Practice
Evidence-based practice must consider a few elements that will significantly affect the chances of success. They include;
• Patient cultures and values- the treatment aims to find an acceptable plan for the patient and their family as much as it is effective. That will require the nurse to understand the beliefs and culture of the patient adequately. Culture can sometimes dictate how a patient wants to be treated, and if disregarded, their treatment may not be as effective as the nurse had hoped.
• Access to substantial resources. It may be hard to conduct meaningful research when the person cannot access sufficient resources. It means there may be some areas they may overlook or disregard that might end up causing the research to be ineffective.
The nurse will be required to keep the two in mind during research as they hope to find an approach that will be acceptable to the client.
Type of Research Adopted in Evidence-Based Practice
• Evidence from personal experiences
• Evidence from controlled trials at the workplace
• Committee reports on the subject at hand
• Expert opinions accompanied by evidence to prove their opinion or personal opinions since nursing will emphasize the need to collaborate with a different discipline
• Observational evidence
• Evidence collected from Case-control analysis
Merits of Evidence-Based Practice to The Nursing Profession
Evidence-based practice has contributed immensely to the nursing discipline with some of the benefits accrued, including the following;
• Improved the quality of services provided to clients
• Contributed to a significant reduction in the number of patients or demand for health services
• Patients are generally more satisfied because they have an opportunity to voice their concerns; hence they feel part of the treatment
• The adoption of more efficient technology in the medical profession has led to a significant drop in expenses incurred by clinics.
Therefore, the nursing discipline must adopt evidence-based practice because it provides more solutions than problems to every stakeholder. Research is vital to the nursing practice and improves the quality of services offered. It is necessary to ensure the staff is trained on the new interventions to help maintain a positive relationship with all the stakeholders available.