## Find the standard deviation of the total volume of the beverage in the case.

1.  The molarity of a solute in solution is defined to be the number of moles of solute per liter of solution (1 mole = 6.02 × 10 23 molecules). If X is the molarity of a solution of magnesium chloride (MgCl2 ), and Y is the molarity of a solution of ferric chloride (FeCl3 ), the molarity of chloride ion (Cl− ) in a solution made of equal parts of the solutions of MgCl2 and FeCl3 is given by M = X + 1.5Y. Assume that X has mean 0.125 and standard deviation 0.05, and that Y has mean 0.350 and standard deviation 0.10.

a.   Find μM.

b.   Assuming X and Y to be independent,find σM.

2.  A machine that fills bottles with a beverage has a fill volume whose mean is 20.01 ounces, with a standard deviation of 0.02 ounces. A case consists of 24 bottles randomly sampled from the output of the machine.

a.  Find the mean of the total volume of the beverage in the case.

b.  Find the standard deviation of the total volume of the beverage in the case.

c.   Find the mean of the average volume per bottle of the beverage in the case.

d.  Find the standard deviation of the volume per bottle of the beverage in the case.

e.  How many bottles must be included in a case for the standard deviation of the average volume per bottle to be 0.0025 ounces?

### Determine the outlet concentration x1 in the water solution and in the trichloroethane solution using an analytical equation.

Predicting Extraction for an Existing Tower with a Given Number of Steps. An existing tower contains 5.0 theoretical steps. It is desired to predict its performance under the following conditions….

### Calculate the minimum solvent that can be used. [Hint: In this case, the tie line through the feed L0 represents the condition for minimum solvent flow rate.

Minimum Solvent and Countercurrent Extraction of Acetone. An aqueous feed solution of 1000 kg/h containing 23.5 wt % acetone and 76.5 wt % water is being extracted in a countercurrent….

### Determine the break-point time, the fraction of total capacity used up to the break point, the length of the unused bed, and the saturation loading capacity of the solid.

Drying of Nitrogen and Scale-Up of a Column. Using molecular sieves, water vapor was removed from nitrogen gas in a packed bed (C1) at 28.3°C. The column height was 0.268….