Workplaces today are undergoing dramatic changes and the future presents many challenges and
opportunities for both HRM and employees.
Technological change, particularly the development of artificial intelligence (AI) and new generation
robotics, are said to represent a “third wave” of economic development that will displace current jobs and
current employment patterns and will fundamentally impact upon the very fabric of society itself.
1. Broadly discuss these trends and also discuss their impact at the societal level in 40 to 50 years’ time. Will
society be better or worse overall for most people?