Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopment condition specified as a childhood disorder. Although numerous research have been conducted on this disorder, there is still inadequate evidence on the unmet experiences and needs of ADHD adults. Nonetheless, continuous studies on ADHD longitudinal studies indicate that the symptoms of ADHD may persist until adulthood. Furthermore, it is common for ADHD adults to experience high comorbidities. Previous studies have shown that three out of four patients with ADHD have comorbid psychiatric disorder (Matte et al., 2012).
Past research has revealed that adults who have ADHD may constantly complain of psychosocial and psychological difficulties which impairs their well-being, general functioning, and health-related quality of life (Corbisiero et al., 2013). In comparision to non-ADHD individuals, these individuals are in more control of their comorbid psychiatric disorders. Hence, ADHD patients are not only unable to manage their conditons but may be undertreated or ultimately fail to acquire diagnosis or treatments for their conditons. This may lead to life-long difficulties and challenges.
ADHD affects an individual’s career opportunities, income earnings/social economic status, retirement saving funds, family and friendship relationships, and co-workering in society, just to name a few. Moreever, adults with ADHD have an increased risk of developing substance abuse, depression, anxiety, antisocial behaviour and social skills deficiency due to life-related stress than those without the condition. [JSLj1]Research indicates that ADHD individuals are more than likely to be involved in unlawful acts such as robbery, aggression and motor vehicle accidents (Castells et al., 2018). Therefore, a substantial psychosocial and psychological burden is often linked with those that are undiagnosed and untreated. This causes a limitation/failure to an individual’s quality of life especially if there is an absence of immediate therapy.
The studies undertaken in Cognitive Psycholgy have allowed for a strong notion to look into studying ADHD individuals’ hearing and listening senses which can affect their concentration and behaviour. This is known as a schema theory. As an undiagnosed individual ages, their characteristics of ADHD become more evident, especially in their work-place enviroment. Due to this, the motive behind this research is to then study how cognetive imparing affects younger children and how this can be managed in adults