Category Archives: Pharmacology

Pharmacological treatment of Alcohol abuse

Assignment – Pharmacokinetics of all agents used to treat the alcohol abuse (absorption, distribution, elimination, metabolism, half-life, Vd)

– Pharmacodynamics of all agents used to treat the alcohol abuse (what receptors or enzymes do they work on and how do they affect them, etc)

– Evidence of the efficacy of all agents used to treat the alcohol abuse (Discussion of the efficacy of all treatments at the level of primary literature)

– Dosing schedules of all agents used to treat the alcohol abuse (Discusses the dosing schedules approved in Australia, and where they are not approved this is noted and commented on.)

– Precautions/Adverse effects of all agents used to treat alcohol abuse (Extensive discussion of the important side effects, including how to avoid or manage them)

–….

Tissue elastic fibres can be demonstrated by: a)Haematoxylin and Eosin method b)Metallic impregnation c)Verhoeff”s haematoxylin d)Perl”s Prussian blue e)Weighert”s haematoxylin

0.The following pigments can occur in tissue as a result of metabolism except: a)Haemazoin b)Bilirubin c)Porphyrins d)Lipofuscin e)Asbestos 1.Which of the following agents can be used to remove pink disease artefacts? a)Running tap water b)20% nitric acid c)2% nitric acid d)70% alcohol e)0.2% urea 2.Tissues fixed in non-alcoholic picric acid based fixative: a)Should be washed in 20-40% alcohol b)Should be transferred to 90% alcohol before processing c)Form insoluble green precipitate in water d)Require post-chroming and mordanting e)Should not be cleared in chloroform 3.The purpose of embalming include the following except; a)Disinfection b)Body disposal c)Preservation d)Restoration e)Colouration 4.Kaiser Ling solution II is recommended for museum specimen because of: a)Its ability to mix with paraffin wax b)High concentration of formaldehyde c)Vapour production d)Its ability to distort tissue structures e)Its ability….

Which of the following is/are the renal functional units? a)Kidney b)Medulla c)Cortex d)Bowman”s capsule e)Nephron

0.The following pigments can occur in tissue as a result of metabolism except: a)Haemazoin b)Bilirubin c)Porphyrins d)Lipofuscin e)Asbestos 1.Which of the following agents can be used to remove pink disease artefacts? a)Running tap water b)20% nitric acid c)2% nitric acid d)70% alcohol e)0.2% urea 2.Tissues fixed in non-alcoholic picric acid based fixative: a)Should be washed in 20-40% alcohol b)Should be transferred to 90% alcohol before processing c)Form insoluble green precipitate in water d)Require post-chroming and mordanting e)Should not be cleared in chloroform 3.The purpose of embalming include the following except; a)Disinfection b)Body disposal c)Preservation d)Restoration e)Colouration 4.Kaiser Ling solution II is recommended for museum specimen because of: a)Its ability to mix with paraffin wax b)High concentration of formaldehyde c)Vapour production d)Its ability to distort tissue structures e)Its ability….

Fixation of cytological smears is best done by use of: a)Alcohol/Ether mixture b)95% ethyl alcohol c)Mercuric chloride d)10% formalin e)Osmium tetroxide

0.The following pigments can occur in tissue as a result of metabolism except: a)Haemazoin b)Bilirubin c)Porphyrins d)Lipofuscin e)Asbestos 1.Which of the following agents can be used to remove pink disease artefacts? a)Running tap water b)20% nitric acid c)2% nitric acid d)70% alcohol e)0.2% urea 2.Tissues fixed in non-alcoholic picric acid based fixative: a)Should be washed in 20-40% alcohol b)Should be transferred to 90% alcohol before processing c)Form insoluble green precipitate in water d)Require post-chroming and mordanting e)Should not be cleared in chloroform 3.The purpose of embalming include the following except; a)Disinfection b)Body disposal c)Preservation d)Restoration e)Colouration 4.Kaiser Ling solution II is recommended for museum specimen because of: a)Its ability to mix with paraffin wax b)High concentration of formaldehyde c)Vapour production d)Its ability to distort tissue structures e)Its ability….

Cytology can be applied in: a)Embalming in histology b)Determining the quality of microscopists c)Enabling proper embedding of cells d)Enabling proper embedding of cells e)Assessing the degree of pathologist”s confidence

0.The following pigments can occur in tissue as a result of metabolism except: a)Haemazoin b)Bilirubin c)Porphyrins d)Lipofuscin e)Asbestos 1.Which of the following agents can be used to remove pink disease artefacts? a)Running tap water b)20% nitric acid c)2% nitric acid d)70% alcohol e)0.2% urea 2.Tissues fixed in non-alcoholic picric acid based fixative: a)Should be washed in 20-40% alcohol b)Should be transferred to 90% alcohol before processing c)Form insoluble green precipitate in water d)Require post-chroming and mordanting e)Should not be cleared in chloroform 3.The purpose of embalming include the following except; a)Disinfection b)Body disposal c)Preservation d)Restoration e)Colouration 4.Kaiser Ling solution II is recommended for museum specimen because of: a)Its ability to mix with paraffin wax b)High concentration of formaldehyde c)Vapour production d)Its ability to distort tissue structures e)Its ability….

Kaiser Ling solution II is recommended for museum specimen because of: a)Its ability to mix with paraffin wax b)High concentration of formaldehyde c)Vapour production d)Its ability to distort tissue structures e)Its ability to restore natural colour

0.The following pigments can occur in tissue as a result of metabolism except: a)Haemazoin b)Bilirubin c)Porphyrins d)Lipofuscin e)Asbestos 1.Which of the following agents can be used to remove pink disease artefacts? a)Running tap water b)20% nitric acid c)2% nitric acid d)70% alcohol e)0.2% urea 2.Tissues fixed in non-alcoholic picric acid based fixative: a)Should be washed in 20-40% alcohol b)Should be transferred to 90% alcohol before processing c)Form insoluble green precipitate in water d)Require post-chroming and mordanting e)Should not be cleared in chloroform 3.The purpose of embalming include the following except; a)Disinfection b)Body disposal c)Preservation d)Restoration e)Colouration 4.Kaiser Ling solution II is recommended for museum specimen because of: a)Its ability to mix with paraffin wax b)High concentration of formaldehyde c)Vapour production d)Its ability to distort tissue structures e)Its ability….

Which of the following agents can be used to remove pink disease artefacts? a)Running tap water b)20% nitric acid c)2% nitric acid d)70% alcohol e)0.2% urea

0.The following pigments can occur in tissue as a result of metabolism except: a)Haemazoin b)Bilirubin c)Porphyrins d)Lipofuscin e)Asbestos 1.Which of the following agents can be used to remove pink disease artefacts? a)Running tap water b)20% nitric acid c)2% nitric acid d)70% alcohol e)0.2% urea 2.Tissues fixed in non-alcoholic picric acid based fixative: a)Should be washed in 20-40% alcohol b)Should be transferred to 90% alcohol before processing c)Form insoluble green precipitate in water d)Require post-chroming and mordanting e)Should not be cleared in chloroform 3.The purpose of embalming include the following except; a)Disinfection b)Body disposal c)Preservation d)Restoration e)Colouration 4.Kaiser Ling solution II is recommended for museum specimen because of: a)Its ability to mix with paraffin wax b)High concentration of formaldehyde c)Vapour production d)Its ability to distort tissue structures e)Its ability….

The following pigments can occur in tissue as a result of metabolism except: a)Haemazoin b)Bilirubin c)Porphyrins d)Lipofuscin e)Asbestos

0.The following pigments can occur in tissue as a result of metabolism except: a)Haemazoin b)Bilirubin c)Porphyrins d)Lipofuscin e)Asbestos 1.Which of the following agents can be used to remove pink disease artefacts? a)Running tap water b)20% nitric acid c)2% nitric acid d)70% alcohol e)0.2% urea 2.Tissues fixed in non-alcoholic picric acid based fixative: a)Should be washed in 20-40% alcohol b)Should be transferred to 90% alcohol before processing c)Form insoluble green precipitate in water d)Require post-chroming and mordanting e)Should not be cleared in chloroform 3.The purpose of embalming include the following except; a)Disinfection b)Body disposal c)Preservation d)Restoration e)Colouration 4.Kaiser Ling solution II is recommended for museum specimen because of: a)Its ability to mix with paraffin wax b)High concentration of formaldehyde c)Vapour production d)Its ability to distort tissue structures e)Its ability….

Post fixation is effective after treating the tissue with: a)Copper sulphate solution b)A mordant c)A bleaching agent d)A flat solvent e)A reducing agent

0.The following pigments can occur in tissue as a result of metabolism except: a)Haemazoin b)Bilirubin c)Porphyrins d)Lipofuscin e)Asbestos 1.Which of the following agents can be used to remove pink disease artefacts? a)Running tap water b)20% nitric acid c)2% nitric acid d)70% alcohol e)0.2% urea 2.Tissues fixed in non-alcoholic picric acid based fixative: a)Should be washed in 20-40% alcohol b)Should be transferred to 90% alcohol before processing c)Form insoluble green precipitate in water d)Require post-chroming and mordanting e)Should not be cleared in chloroform 3.The purpose of embalming include the following except; a)Disinfection b)Body disposal c)Preservation d)Restoration e)Colouration 4.Kaiser Ling solution II is recommended for museum specimen because of: a)Its ability to mix with paraffin wax b)High concentration of formaldehyde c)Vapour production d)Its ability to distort tissue structures e)Its ability….

Staining variations of tissue structures may be due to: a)Age of the stain b)Toxicity of the stain c)Poor stain storage containers d)Unlabelled stains e)Staining time

0.The following pigments can occur in tissue as a result of metabolism except: a)Haemazoin b)Bilirubin c)Porphyrins d)Lipofuscin e)Asbestos 1.Which of the following agents can be used to remove pink disease artefacts? a)Running tap water b)20% nitric acid c)2% nitric acid d)70% alcohol e)0.2% urea 2.Tissues fixed in non-alcoholic picric acid based fixative: a)Should be washed in 20-40% alcohol b)Should be transferred to 90% alcohol before processing c)Form insoluble green precipitate in water d)Require post-chroming and mordanting e)Should not be cleared in chloroform 3.The purpose of embalming include the following except; a)Disinfection b)Body disposal c)Preservation d)Restoration e)Colouration 4.Kaiser Ling solution II is recommended for museum specimen because of: a)Its ability to mix with paraffin wax b)High concentration of formaldehyde c)Vapour production d)Its ability to distort tissue structures e)Its ability….