## If the bag is defective, what is the probability that it came from line 1?

1.  Two production lines are used to pack sugar into 5 kg bags. Line 1 produces twice as many bags as does line 2. One percent of the bags from line 1 are defective in that they fail to meet a purity specification, while 3% of the bags from line 2 are defective. A bag is randomly chosen for inspection.

a.  What is the probability that it came from line 1?

b.  What is the probability that it is defective?

c.   If the bag is defective, what is the probability that it came from line 1?

d.   If the bag is not defective, what is the probability that it came from line 1?

2.  Four bricks are sampled from a large load and the crushing strength of each is measured to determine whether it meets a specification. If any of the four fail to meet the specification, the load will be returned. If in fact 10% of the bricks in the load fail to meet the specification, what is the probability that the load will be returned?

### Determine the outlet concentration x1 in the water solution and in the trichloroethane solution using an analytical equation.

Predicting Extraction for an Existing Tower with a Given Number of Steps. An existing tower contains 5.0 theoretical steps. It is desired to predict its performance under the following conditions….

### Calculate the minimum solvent that can be used. [Hint: In this case, the tie line through the feed L0 represents the condition for minimum solvent flow rate.

Minimum Solvent and Countercurrent Extraction of Acetone. An aqueous feed solution of 1000 kg/h containing 23.5 wt % acetone and 76.5 wt % water is being extracted in a countercurrent….

### Determine the break-point time, the fraction of total capacity used up to the break point, the length of the unused bed, and the saturation loading capacity of the solid.

Drying of Nitrogen and Scale-Up of a Column. Using molecular sieves, water vapor was removed from nitrogen gas in a packed bed (C1) at 28.3°C. The column height was 0.268….