Identify the bones and structures.

Hands On Lab: Axial Skeletal System

 

Grading: Divide number incorrect by total number of questions (52)

 

Submission instructions

If an assignment is submitted incorrectly, you will be contacted and the assignment will not be graded unless resubmitted properly. Late penalties may apply.

 

Type your answers and copy all pictures directly into this Word document. Submit it via the blackboard submission link in Word format (docx).

· Answers typed into a blank document or submitted in the incorrect format will not be accepted.

· Pictures will not be accepted as stand-alone files.

· Assignments may not be submitted via email without express permission from the instructor.

 

Introduction

The skeletal system is the support structure for the body. There are 206 bones, divided into the axial and appendicular skeletons.

 

This lab will teach you all the bones in the body and the major bone markings. Bone markings are holes, ridges, projections, etc. that serve as attachments for muscles, and provide routes for blood vessels and nerves.

 

Activity 1: Virtual Axial Skeleton Lab

 

The virtual skeleton laboratory will teach the bones of the axial skeletal division and the major bone markings.

 

Virtual Axial Skeleton Lab (opens new window)

 

Click on the lab and go through all of the sections. Although you will be learning all of the bones, we have limited the bone markings to the major ones.

Please see the Module 2 Lab Study Objectives for all of the axial skeleton markings you are responsible for. You are not required to learn any markings in the virtual lab that are not on this list.

 

* Virtual Labs property of Niagara County Community College

 

Activity 2: Identifying Major Bones

 

Identify the Major Bones. Each letter will only be used once.

 

1.

4

 

2. Fibula

3. Humerus

4. Ribs

5. Ulna

6. Coccyx

7. Sternum

8. Scapula

9. Radius

10. Vertebral Column

11. Tibia

12. Mandible

13. Sacrum

14. Pelvis

15. Skull

16. Patella

17. Femur

18. Clavicle

 

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Activity 3: Identifying Skull Bones, Sutures, and Markings

 

Identify the bones and structures. Each letter will only be used once.

 

 

19. Coronal suture

20. Parietal Bone

21. Occipital Bone

22. Sphenoid Bone

23. Styloid process

24. Lacrimal bone

25. Mastoid process

26. Squamosal suture

27. Ethmoid

28. Maxilla

29. Alveolar Processes

30. Temporal Bone

31. Frontal Bone

32. External acoustic meatus

33. Zygomatic bone

34. Nasal bone

35. Vomer

36. Lambdoidal suture

 

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Activity 4: General Vertebral Structure

Match the parts of the general vertebrae. Each letter will only be used once.

37.

38. Vertebral Body

39. Spinous process

40. Transverse process

41. Vertebral foramen

42. Pedicle

43. Lamina

44. Articular Facet

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Activity 5: Vertebral Column Matching

Match the parts of the vertebral column with their name and/or number. Some letters will be used more than once!

1.

45. 12

46. Lumbar

47. 7

48. Coccyx

49. Axis

50. 5

51. Atlas

52. Cervical

53. Thoracic

54. Sacrum

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