Explain the role of the Enrolled Nurse in liaising with service providers.

SECTION 1: ASSESSMENT IN MENTAL HEALTH NURSING 1a.

Mental Health Disorder groups
Mood disorders

  • Bipolar Affective Disorder
  • Depression

Anxiety Disorders

  • Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
  • Panic disorder
  • Post-traumatic Stress Disorder
  • Social & Specific Phobias
  • Eating disorders
Organic Disorders

  • Dementia
  • Delirium

Personality Disorders

  • Borderline Personality Disorder

Psychotic Disorders

  • Schizophrenia
  • Psychosis

Using the table below, insert the mental health disorder group as an appropriate heading to each group of common sighs, symptoms and behaviours. Then matches the common signs, symptoms and behaviours with the correct Mental Health disorder

Mental health Disorder group Common Signs and symptoms (classification)
Disorder group: Axiety Disorders
Panic Disorder – Disorder Racing thoughts, shaking, sweaty, feeling of choking, heart pounding
Social & Specific Phobias – Disorder Unable to attend social functions Intense anxiety around social functions, physical symptoms of anxiety
Post-traumatic Stress – Disorder Flashback, nightmares, recurrent memory of traumatic event
Eating Disorders – Disorder Increased weight loss, poor appetite, sleep, social isolation, purging, vomiting, binge eating. BMI below 15.
Obessive Compulsive disorder (OCD) – Disorder Obsessive thoughts, debilitating behaviours leading to decline in functionality
Mental health Disorder group Common Signs and symptoms (classification)
Disorder group: Personality Disorders
Borderline Personality Disorder – Disorder Fear of abandonment, unstable relationships, chronic feelings of emptiness, suicidal thoughts, Deliberate Self Harm, Poor self-image, impulsive, Angry.
Mental health Disorder group Common Signs and symptoms (classification)
Disorder group: Organic Disorders
Dementia – Disorder Memory loss, Difficulty communicating, problem-solving, planning and organizing. Confusion and disorientation
Delirium – Disorder Acute confusion/ disorientation. Anger irritability, anxiety, mood swings. Disturbed sleep.
Mental health Disorder group Common Signs and symptoms (classification)
Disorder group: ………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………….. Disorder Positive symptoms: Paranoid, disordered thoughts, Hallucinations, Delusions
Negative symptoms: Apathy social isolation, poor diet, ADL’s
Fixed false beliefs
Substantially impair effective communication
………………………………………………………….. Disorder Vivid, involuntary perceptions that are experienced as ‘normal’ and occur without an external stimulus
Usually experienced as voices that are perceived as distinct from the person’s own thoughts
Mental health Disorder group Common Signs and symptoms (classification)
Disorder group: ………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………….. Disorder Elevated mood, manic, pressured speech, increased spending, lack of sleep, increased substance abuse.
………………………………………………………….. Disorder Low mood, suicidal thoughts, poor sleep, no energy, Helpless / hopeless themes, poor appetite. Low energy.

1b. For each of the mental health disorder groups below, provide two (2) treatment options (one medication class and one therapy) and two (2) nursing interventions to manage the disorder group
Note: Please do not repeat any answers

Mental Health Disorder group Therapeutic Treatment options
Medication Class
Therapeutic Treatment options
Psychotherapy
Nursing Interventions
Mood disorders

  • Bipolar Affective Disorder
  • Depression
Psychotic Disorders

  • Schizophrenia
  • Psychoses
Anxiety Disorders

  • Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
  • Panic disorder
  • Post-traumatic Stress Disorder
  • Social & Specific Phobias
  • Eating disorders
Organic Disorders

  • Dementia
  • Delirium
Personality Disorders

  • Borderline Personality Disorder

2. Clinical practice is guided by nursing theory. There are many different theories in regards to mental illness. Phil Barker is renowned for his Tidal Model which looks at the recovery journey.
Outline three (3) principles of this theory (Reference)
3. From a biopsychosocial perspective, list three (3) possible hypothesized causes for mental illness per perspective

Biopsychological perspective Possible causes
Biological
Social
Psychological

4. Define and give a rationale for the indicated key features that relate to the Mental Health Act QLD 2016 as identified below:
The following websites will assist (use the contents index in the website link if needed to locate relevant information): https://www.health.qld.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0031/444856/guide-to-mha.pdf
(Word limit for each point max 60 – 100 words and reference)
4.1 Outline the main objectives of the Act
4.2 State five (5) different treatment orders and special condition which will classify a patient’s status as an involuntary patient?
Treatment orders
Special condition
Identify three (3) criteria to apply to make a patient’s care involuntary
4.3 State seven (7) Rights of the patient according to the Mental Health Act (2016)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
4.4 Involuntary review processes (Forensic orders)

Types of Forensic orders Rationale for use

4.5 Use of Mechanical restraint, seclusion, physical restraint and other practices

Type of Restraint Authorization and Implementation, e.g. who authorize restraint and time period to be implemented? Nursing Interventions required with implementation of restraint
Mechanical restraint
Seclusion
Seclusion (emergency)

4.6 Treatment in the community
Definition of a Community Treatment Order:
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
Rationale for implementation:
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
4.7 Capacity to consent
Define ‘capacity’ as per the Qld MH Act 2016. State five (5) conditions
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
4.8 Privacy and confidentiality
State two (2) Policies and or Procedures to establish privacy and confidentiality regarding patient information in Mental Health Care
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
Outline two (2) provisions in the Mental Health Act (2016) where private and confidential information of a patient can be shared without consent
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
4.9 Admission procedures – what must happen immediately after the client has been admitted to a secured unit in an authorised mental health facility?
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
4.10 Role of the Authorised Mental Health Practitioner (AMHP) during the assessment and transfer as per the Mental Health Act (2016)
State the authority an AMHP has to perform a Mental Status examination (MSE) in the community:
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
State the authority an AMHP has to transport a patient for assessment:
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
5. Outline four (4) ways that you as the nurse can ensure that your own interactions with a person experiencing a mental illness is therapeutic and positive
(Word limit max 80 – 100 words and reference)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
SECTION 2: CASE STUDY (Mapping matrix indicated as CS)

Bill is a 45 year old man 75kg brought into the Emergency Department by his sister after intentionally lacerating one arm and his neck while heavily intoxicated on alcohol.
Bill is separated from his wife and children, he has a history of domestic abuse due to his alcohol consumption and often is verbally abusive to his neighbors. Bill is currently unemployed due to the recent loss of his driver’s license for Driving Under the Influence (DUI). His sister lives 4 houses away from Bill and seems to be the only person that he will talk to, she is often away and only sees Bill occasionally.
He is seen in the Emergency Department by the Mental Health Assessment Team (MHAT). Following assessment, Bill is admitted as a voluntary patient to the Mental Health Unit for assessment, observation and monitoring. Bill appears malnourished, dehydrated, and unwashed. He is flushed, ataxic and smells strongly of alcohol. His speech is slurred. He has a productive cough. He is given a provisional diagnosis of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) and Substance Abuse (Alcohol).
A few hours later, Bill attempts to leave the Mental Health Unit without a medical review or authority. He becomes verbally and physically threatening toward nursing staff who are trying to persuade him to stay and be treated. Security is called and they physically restrain Bill when he lashes out at them and the nurses.
Following further assessment by the Medical Officer, Bill is placed on an involuntary Treatment Authority (TA) under the Mental Health Act 2016 (Qld). By this time, he appears physically exhausted, sobbing and stating that he wants to die.

1. Discuss five (5) signs and symptoms of a Major Depressive Disorder (MDD), as per the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM5), applicable to the case study information (Word limit max 60 -80 words and reference)
Timeframe re. presence of signs and symptoms:
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
Discussion of five (5) Signs and symptoms Bill presents with:
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
2. Bills behaviour demonstrates to have a significant impact on his family/friend/neighbours re a person with Mental illness.
2a Identify four (4) behaviours Bill is showing that impact on his family / friends? (Word limit max 40-60 words)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
2b Bill could feel stigmatised by having a mental illness. Outline three (3) common misconceptions about mental illness which is reinforced by Bill’s behaviour. (Word limit max 40-60 words and reference)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
2c Bill will experience discrimination during his episode of care (hospital and community). Explain. (Word limit max 40-60 words and reference)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
2d For effective-evidence based practice in mental health nursing use a variety of sources to plan appropriate care delivery to Bill. Explain the importance of the consumer and carer perspec­tive as sources of information when planning evidence based care delivery
(Word limit max 80 – 100 words and reference)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
2e Referring to the Mental Health Standards of Practicediscuss two (2) ways you as the enrolled nurse, the health team and careers can act to maintain Bill’s dignity and uniqueness. (Word limit max 60 – 80 words and reference)
The following websites will assist: http://www.acmhn.org/publications/standards-of-practice
State the selected Standard of Practices which refer to dignity and uniqueness in mental health care delivery
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
Discuss two (2) ways you as the enrolled nurse, the health team and careers can act to maintain Bill’s dignity and uniqueness
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
3. Bill has already demonstrated aggression and continues to be potentially threatening to staff and patients.
3a. Consult the case study information and describe four (4) common triggers which can impact on Bill to present with aggressive behaviour. (Word limit max 60 -80 words and reference)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
3b. Describe six (6) nursing interventions you as an EN may use to deflect triggers or de-escalate a patient who is agitated or aggressive – must include at least two (2) communication interventions, two (2) listening skills and two (2) other de-escalation skills. (Word limit max 80 – 100 words and reference)
You may find information from the following to assist with this question
Clinical key textbook – Evans, K. Nizette, D. & O’Brien, A. (2017). Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing. Australia: Elsevier Mosby
The following websites will assist:
https://www.health.qld.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0025/665314/qh-gdl-452.pdf
3b1 Communication skills (2 skills)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
3b2 Listening skills (2 skills)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
3b3 Other de-escalation skills (2 skills)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
3c. To assist you with Bills issues and possible outbursts of aggressive behaviour who can you seek to obtain guidance or support? (Word limit max 40 – 60 words and reference)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
4. Bill has been prescribed prn Diazepam (Benzodiazepine), PO additionally of his regular dosage of Diazepam 10 mg QID, PO as part of managing his alcohol withdrawal symptoms to prevent severe physical and emotional symptoms of withdrawal. The following websites will assist:
https://www.health.qld.gov.au/clinical-practice/guidelines-procedures/medicines/drugs-of-dependence?a=167070
4a. Identify the assessment tool used to administer the correct dose of prn Diazepam
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
4b. Provide health education to Bill regarding the administration of Diazepam
Use:
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
Two (2) contraindications to use diazepam
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
Administration

  • Route:
  • Explain one (1) commonly used approach:

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
State five (5) Possible Adverse effects Bill could experience using Diazepam
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
4c Outline four (4) nursing strategies you may use to confirm that Bill understands the use, administration methods and possible effects of this medication (Word limit max 40 – 60 words and reference)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
4d. From the answers below choose 3 negotiation skills you as the EN could use if Bill becomes aggressive towards you

  • Using a calm, gentle soft tone, tactful language and sensitive use of humour towards Bill
  • Communication and engagement should be intermittent with Bill and ensure long periods of silence are used
  • Speak clearly and slowly to Bill as Bill may be unable to comprehend information when agitated; you may have to repeat information several times.
  • Validate Bills concerns where relevant and accepting that concerns are distressing for Bill (even if you may not agree with them)

5. Bill is experiencing oral health issues due to his disorder. From the case study:
Develop two (2) nursing interventions to improve Bills oral health to contribute to care planning with the Registered nurse.
Outline three (3) possible causes for his oral health issues

Poor oral health Nursing interventions with rationale
Possible causes of poor oral health

6. “Assessments are bound by time and context; that is, when you conduct an assessment, you are looking at the risk factors as they present in the current situation. While you do explore the client’s history and background, the main focus of risk assessment is what is happening for the client now. Bill is being admitted in a secured mental health ward due to being placed on an involuntary Treatment Authority (TA) under the Mental Health Act 2016 (Qld). Remember assessment is dynamic”.
You as the EN are on Duty the afternoon that Bill is admitted to the mental health facility, you would be working with a RN. Using the information from the case study you are to complete the following risk assessment tool, the RN will review your answers once you have completed it
(In this instance the RN will verify the marking of this paper)
Categories of risk identified
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
Detail any historical information that may indicate the potential for risk ( for example previous history or risk behaviours / threats )
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
What environment factors may contribute to risk ( for example, access to drugs alcohol, access to weapons)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
Is there any current evidence to suggest “planned intent” to engage in risk – related behaviours
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
Are there any risk factors that indicate preferred staff allocation( for example danger to women, intimidation to men, need for 2 workers)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
What strengths and opportunities can you identify, from the consumer and /or services as resources to support this plan
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
State specifically the identified risk
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
7. Contemporary mental health services are based on the recovery-orientated approach. The Australian National Framework for Recovery-oriented Mental Health Services: Policy and Theory identifies five practice domains and capabilities. The following website link will assist:
http://www.health.gov.au/internet/main/publishing.nsf/content/67D17065514CF8E8CA257C1D00017A90/$File/recovgde.pdf
7a. List the five (5) practice domains and capabilities in relation to recovery-orientated practice and service delivery
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
7b. Select one (1) of the practice domains and explain how you could use the information when assisting with planning Bills nursing care (Word limit max 40 – 60 words and reference)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
7c. Identify four (4) key recovery principles that will assist the interdisciplinary team and yourself in planning care for Bill to maximise his health outcomes. (Tick the correct answers)

  • Enable Bill to be in and connected to communities
  • Plan outcomes so that Bill feels like he is doing something worthwhile
  • Outlining to Bill that recovery is a cure
  • Plan ways for Bill to regain belief in oneself
  • Planning strategies for Bill to be aware of the principles of recovery and that it is an attitude, a way of approaching day-to-day challenges and being in control
  • Enabling Bill to understand that recovery has an endpoint and will solve his problems
Bill has remained in the mental health care facility for 4 days and there is now talk of possible discharge. A case management meeting has been arranged to discuss a plan for moving forward

8. As the EN on duty you will participate in the case meeting for Bill, complete the following questions
You may find information from the following to assist with this question
Clinical key textbook – Evans, K. Nizette, D. & O’Brien, A. (2017). Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing. Australia: Elsevier Mosby
http://www.health.gov.au/internet/main/publishing.nsf/content/mbsprimarycare-caseconf-factsheet.htm
8a. State which five (5) members of the multidisciplinary team would possibly attend and why (Word limit 60 – 80 words and reference)

Members attending the case meeting Why?

8b Review Bills case study and name two (2) possible community based service providers that the Multidisciplinary team members could include in the case meeting, as selected by Bill when he is discharged. Explain your role as an Enrolled nurse to liaise with these services and how can they help Bill towards recovery (Word limit max 30 – 60 words per provider and reference)
The following websites will assist: https://insight-prod.s3.ap-southeast-2.amazonaws.com/public/guidelines/1511827744_QH%20DD%20Clinician%20Tool%20Kit.pdf
8b1 Provide an example of one (1) community service provider which Bill might select to assist him when he is discharged. Explain how this service can help to support Bill’s recovery.
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
8b2 Provide an example of one (1) community service provider that facilitates recovery in a group based environment, which Bill might select to assist him when he is discharged. Explain how this service can help to support Bill’s recovery.
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
8b3 Explain the role of the Enrolled Nurse in liaising with service providers. Consider reporting relationships and enrolled nurse scope of practice in your response.
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
8c What would your role as the EN be in this case meeting? Outline at least three (3) possible roles (Word limit max 60 – 80 words and reference)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
8d On discharge, Bills mental health care will predominantly be provided within a community-based
setting. According to the aims of community-based service delivery, how could Bill be supported that will help him to build on his own strengths and to take as much responsibility as possible for decisions that affects his life when integrating back into the community? (Word limit max 60 – 80 words and reference)
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

find the cost of your paper

How should we interpret the behavior of Mr. Henderson, the county attorney?

Answer the following questions by Wednesday at midnight and respond to two of your peers in 150 words each by Sunday at midnight 1. How do you explain the play’s title? In what ways….

‘what does it mean to be classified as a nonbinary or between categories of state enforced identity’?

Bow, 2009 article poses a political question to the public, ‘what does it mean to be classified as a nonbinary or between categories of state enforced identity’? The author used….

Provide a 3-5 sentence description of a learner (child or adult)

  ABA525     Project 8 General Introduction – You will select a child and an instructional objective that you will be teaching the child. You will write a teaching….