## estimate the temperature of the Universe at a time after the Big Bang when neutral atoms could form from the plasma and the Universe became transparent.

You are performing work as an assistant to a cosmology professor. She asks you to estimate the temperature of the Universe at a time after the Big Bang when neutral atoms could form from the plasma and the Universe became transparent. She tells you that the energy required to excite an atom is on the order of 1 eV. She suggests you use the Boltzmann distribution function e-E/k BT to find the order of magnitude of the threshold temperature at which 1.00% of a population of photons has energy greater than 1.00 eV

### In Problem 5.13.1, what throughputs can be achieved when pumping gasoline alone?

In Problem 5.13.1, what throughputs can be achieved when pumping gasoline alone? Use a specific gravity of 0.74 and viscosity of 0.65 for gasoline at the flowing temperature. Compare the….

### A pipeline 150 miles long from Beaumont pump station to a tank farm at Glendale is used to transport Alaskan North Slope crude oil (ANS crude).

A pipeline 150 miles long from Beaumont pump station to a tank farm at Glendale is used to transport Alaskan North Slope crude oil (ANS crude). The pipe is 20….

### The pipeline described in Problem 6.7.1 is used to batch ANS crude along with a light crude (0.85 specific gravity and 15 cSt viscosity at 60°F). Determine the optimum batch sizes to reduce pumping costs based on a 30 day operation. Consider a flow rate of 6000 bbl/hr.

The pipeline described in Problem 6.7.1 is used to batch ANS crude along with a light crude (0.85 specific gravity and 15 cSt viscosity at 60°F). Determine the optimum batch….