## Estimate the difference in the mean annual uplift between these two time periods, and find the uncertainty in the estimate.

1.  The length of a rod is to be measured by a process whose uncertainty is 3 mm. Several independent measurements will be taken, and the average of these measurements will be used to estimate the length of the rod. How many measurements must be made so that the uncertainty in the average will be 1 mm?

2.   The volume of a cone is given by V = πr 2h/3, where r is the radius of the base and h is the height. Assume the radius is 5 cm, measured with negligible uncertainty, and the height is h = 6.00 ± 0.02 cm. Estimate the volume of the cone, and find the uncertainty in the estimate.

3.   In the article “The World's Longest Continued Series of Sea Level Observations” (M. Ekman, Paleogeography, 1988:73–77), the mean annual level of land uplift in Stockholm, Sweden, was estimated to be 4.93 ± 0.23 mm for the years 1774–1884 and to be 3.92 ± 0.19 mm for the years 1885–1984. Estimate the difference in the mean annual uplift between these two time periods, and find the uncertainty in the estimate.

### Determine the outlet concentration x1 in the water solution and in the trichloroethane solution using an analytical equation.

Predicting Extraction for an Existing Tower with a Given Number of Steps. An existing tower contains 5.0 theoretical steps. It is desired to predict its performance under the following conditions….

### Calculate the minimum solvent that can be used. [Hint: In this case, the tie line through the feed L0 represents the condition for minimum solvent flow rate.

Minimum Solvent and Countercurrent Extraction of Acetone. An aqueous feed solution of 1000 kg/h containing 23.5 wt % acetone and 76.5 wt % water is being extracted in a countercurrent….

### Determine the break-point time, the fraction of total capacity used up to the break point, the length of the unused bed, and the saturation loading capacity of the solid.

Drying of Nitrogen and Scale-Up of a Column. Using molecular sieves, water vapor was removed from nitrogen gas in a packed bed (C1) at 28.3°C. The column height was 0.268….