As noted in Fig. 7.16, the state of stress shifts from plane stress to plane strain as the ratio of length-of-bend to sheet thickness increases. Explain why. This situation….
Discuss the steps involved in setting out the positions of piers of a bridge.
A.Discuss in details the steps involved in setting the centre line of bridges.
B. Discuss the steps involved in setting out the positions of piers of a bridge. 14.1 Setting out is done
(a) prior to the preparation of plans
(b) along with the preparation of plans
(c) after the preparation of plans
(d) if obstructions are present
C. Which of the following is associated with the setting out of sewers and pipe lines?
(a) Batter-board (b) Cross-staff
(c) Cross-head (d) optical square
D. Pegs or stakes are not generally fixed at the exact corner of the buildings because
(a) it is difficult to set them there
(b) they might be lost during the excavations
(c) they are not required at corners
(d) they are made of wood and may rot