Daily Archives: December 9, 2020

tell whether it would be best to examine the independent variable in a within-subjects or a between-subjects design.

In each of the following cases, tell whether it would be best to examine the independent variable in a within-subjects or a between-subjects design. Justify your answer in each case.

a. A social psychological study of helping, in which the researchers are interested in how group size affects whether or not an individual will help someone else in the group.

b. A study of the effect of varying loudness of a tone in measuring how quickly people can respond to the tone.

c. An experiment designed to answer the question of whether the color of a woman’s hair affects the likelihood that she will be asked out for dates.

d. A study in which three different training techniques are compared as to their effectiveness in teaching animals tricks.

what safeguards would you introduce into the experiment to ensure that the rats were not using sensory cues to solve the problem (assuming the rats again performed above chance)?

A researcher in the biology department of your university has just demonstrated extrasensory perception (ESP) in rats. The rats were placed in a maze, where they had to choose between two possible runways, one of which led to food. The rats could not see or smell the food at the place in the maze where they had to make their decision, and the runway in which the experimenter put the food varied randomly from trial to trial. Over a series of 50 trials, the researcher found that there were 2 rats out of 100 tested that seemed to perform better than would be expected on the basis of chance. One picked the correct runway 64 percent of the time; the other picked it 66 percent of the time….

Do you think replication should be more strongly encouraged? If so, how?

The reward system in science discourages replications of other people’s work. Researchers are re-warded much more for novel contributions than for “merely repeating” the work of others. Some have argued that this reward system tends to create fragmentation and disarray in many areas of psychology, because people are rewarded for going their own way and (sometimes) ignoring progress in other closely related areas. Thus, basic phenomena will often be unreplicated. Do you think replication should be more strongly encouraged? If so, how?

discuss the pros and cons of using verbal reports.

Verbal reports are likely to be more useful in some areas of psychology than in others. For each of the following topics, discuss the pros and cons of using verbal reports. For those cases in which you think verbal reports cannot be used, suggest better methods:

a. Studying strategies by which people remember their childhood experiences when asked to do so

b. Studying sexual behavior of college students

c. Studying people’s mental processes that occur when they decide to buy one product rather than another

d. Studying the reasons why one person likes another

e. Studying what factors affect visual illusions

determine whether a person has incurred long-term, negative effects from participating in an obedience study such as Milgram’s?

Milgram’s (1963) research on obedience to authority was harshly criticized by a number of psychologists. One of the most vocal critics, Baumrind (1964), argued that the long-term, psychological risk to participants outweighed any potential contribution to psychological science. Milgram conducted follow-up sessions (immediate and 1 year later) to determine whether participants had suffered any long-term, negative effects from their participation in his obedience experiments. This follow-up included self-report questionnaires and verbal reports to a psychiatrist. Given the dubious validity of verbal and self-reports, what would you do to determine whether a person has incurred long-term, negative effects from participating in an obedience study such as Milgram’s?

How could the research have been done better?

A psychotherapist is interested in evaluating the effectiveness of the new therapy she has invented. It is called pet therapy and involves convincing depressed people to keep a dog as a pet, with the hope that caring for a dog will cheer them up. To evaluate the therapy, the therapist gives each of her patients a dog from the Humane Society to care for. She measures depression using a written test(which has been shown to be reliable) a week before they get the pets and then again 2 months later. She discovers that patients are much less depressed when assessed the second time and thus concludes that pet therapy is a success. Discuss several things wrong with this piece of research and the conclusion drawn from it. How….

know the techniques to develop an interest in the student.

A teacher can differentiate instructions to accommodate English language learners by using corporative learning languages:

He or she can make the lectures visual by giving presentations on the multimedia. The linking of new information to the previous information can be helpful. Modification of vocabulary will play a key role in English language learners. It would be best if you also created a good and active environment. The teacher should also give opportunities to language learners. Every student learns differently this perspective is to be implied in an alternating manner. Some students understand by visual presentation this method is to be discerned and implied. Some learn by the auditory way assistive audios are to be utilized while teaching. Also, there are nine types of intelligence. It will be very….

prepare a memorandum to the compliance committee of the board of directors.

You have been hired as the Chief Compliance Officer for Livelong Corp., a global health food company that has just gone public through an initial public offering (“IPO”). The Company is headquartered in Upper Montclair, NJ, and has operations in 30 countries around the world. The CEO created your position recently as a result of pressure from the newly formed Compliance Committee of the board to become “IPO ready” as well as to respond to a compliance violation that was reported by an employee in one of the company’s Asian country operations. You report directly to the CEO. Today is your first day on the job. You do not have any staff reporting into you. You’re a one-person show. Specifically, this position was created as the company was….

Complete 4 (four) observations of ‘Riley’ (the child in the video) as detailed below

Early Childhood Education and Care Off-the-Job Assessment LA019689 Assesinent Summary This assessment is ungraded. Learners will receive a Satisfactory or Unsatisfactory in accordance with TAFE NSW Assessment Guidelines. All assignments must be completed satisfactorily. What you have to do TASK OVERVIEW Task 1 involves completing a series of observations on a child named Riley. Task 2 involves creating one (1) experience plan for Riley for the indoor OR outdoor environment based on the observations completed in Task 1. Please read through all tasks very carefully. Task 1: Observations Watch the video sequences of ‘Riley’ aged 13 to 18 months of age. The video sequences are available on the Resources (tab) of the OLS under all Support cluster units. Complete 4 (four) observations of ‘Riley’ (the child in the….

Does a verbal discriminative stimulus control the response (i.e. intraverbal)?

Block 1 – Targeted Behavior(s) What is the desired functional outcome of the proposed treatment? Is the goal of the proposed intervention a behavior or the result of certain behaviors (e.g. weight loss, having friends, earning an ‘A’ in class)? If the goal is a behavior, is it targeted for increase decrease, acquisition, maintenance, elimination, etc.? What is the function of the behavior to be addressed by the proposed intervention? If it has not been assessed can it be reasonably postulated based on observation or report? Are there specific responses targeted for instruction with the proposed intervention? Are these responses targeted for increase, decrease, acquisition, maintenance, elimination, etc.? How are the behaviors targeted for instruction related to the goal of the intervention? Do the targeted behaviors represent the….